TITLE 4          AGRICULTURE AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
        4:19-18.     Definitions  

2. As used in this act:



Animal control officer" means a certified municipal animal control officer or, in the absence of such an officer, the chief law enforcement officer of the municipality or his designee.

Department" means the Department of Health.



Dog means any dog or dog hybrid.



Domestic animal" means any cat, 4'> dog , or livestock other than poultry.



Potentially dangerous dog means any dog or dog hybrid declared potentially dangerous by a municipal court pursuant to section 7 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-23).

Vicious dog means any dog or dog hybrid declared vicious by a municipal court pursuant to section 6 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-22).

L.1989,c.307,s.2; amended 1994,c.187,s.1.
 
An animal control officer shall seize and impound a dog when the officer has reasonable cause to believe that the dog :

a. attacked a person and caused death or serious bodily injury as defined in N.J.S.2C:11-1(b) to that person;

b. caused bodily injury as defined in N.J.S.2C:11-1(a) to a person during an unprovoked attack and poses a serious threat of harm to persons or domestic animals;

c. engaged in dog fighting activities as described in R.S.4:22-24 and R.S.4:22-26; or

d. has been trained, tormented, badgered, baited or encouraged to engage in unprovoked attacks upon persons or domestic animals.



The dog shall be impounded until the final disposition as to whether the 1 dog is vicious or potentially 1 dangerous . Subject to the approval of the municipal health officer, the 1 dog may be impounded in a facility or other structure agreeable to the owner.

L.1989, c.307, s.3.
 
4. a. The animal control officer shall notify the municipal court and the municipal health officer immediately that he has seized and impounded a dog pursuant to section 3 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-19), or that he has reasonable cause to believe that a dog has killed another domestic animal and that a hearing is required. The animal control officer shall through a reasonable effort attempt to determine the identity of the owner of any dog seized and impounded pursuant to section 3 of P.L.1989, c.307. If its owner cannot be identified within seven days, that dog may be humanely destroyed.

b. The animal control officer shall, within three working days of the determination of the identity of the owner of a dog seized and impounded pursuant to section 3 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-19), notify by certified mail, return receipt requested, the owner concerning the seizure and impoundment, and that, if the owner wishes, a hearing will be held to determine whether the impounded dog is vicious or potentially dangerous . This notice shall also require that the owner return within seven days, by certified mail or hand delivery, a signed statement indicating whether he wishes the hearing to be conducted or, if not, to relinquish ownership of the 2 dog , in which case the 2 dog may be humanely destroyed. If the owner cannot be notified by certified mail, return receipt requested, or refuses to sign for the certified letter, or does not reply to the certified letter with a signed statement within seven days of receipt, the 2 dog may be humanely destroyed.

L.1989,c.307,s.4; amended 1994,c.187,s.2.
 
4:19-23. Dog declared potentially dangerous ; conditions
7. a. The municipal court shall declare a dog to be potentially dangerous if it finds by clear and convincing evidence that the dog :

(1) caused bodily injury as defined in N.J.S.2C:11-1(a) to a person during an unprovoked attack, and poses a serious threat of bodily injury or death to a person, or

(2) killed another domestic animal, and



(a) poses a threat of serious bodily injury or death to a person; or



(b) poses a threat of death to another domestic animal, or



(3) has been trained, tormented, badgered, baited or encouraged to engage in unprovoked attacks upon persons or domestic animals.

b. A dog shall not be declared potentially dangerous for:



(1) causing bodily injury as defined in N.J.S.2C:11-1(a) to a person if the 3 dog was provoked, or

(2) killing a domestic animal if the domestic animal was the aggressor.



For the purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, the municipality shall bear the burden of proof to demonstrate that the 3 dog was not provoked.

L.1989,c.307,s.7; amended 1994,c.187,s.4.
 

4:19-24. Registration of potentially 3 dangerous dog ; conditions


8. If the municipal court declares the dog to be potentially dangerous , it shall issue an order and a schedule for compliance which, in part:

a. shall require the owner to comply with the following conditions:

(1) to apply, at his own expense, to the municipal clerk or other official designated to license dogs pursuant to section 2 of P.L.1941, c.151 (C.4:19-15.2), for a special municipal potentially dangerous dog license, municipal registration number, and red identification tag issued pursuant to section 14 of this act. The owner shall, at his own expense, have the registration number tattooed upon the dog in a prominent location. A potentially dangerous 4 dog shall be impounded until the owner obtains a municipal potentially 4 dangerous 4 dog license, municipal registration number, and red identification tag;

(2) to display, in a conspicuous manner, a sign on his premises warning that a potentially dangerous dog is on the premises. The sign shall be visible and legible from 50 feet of the enclosure required pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection;

(3) to immediately erect and maintain an enclosure for the potentially dangerous dog on the property where the potentially dangerous dog will be kept and maintained, which has sound sides, top and bottom to prevent the potentially dangerous dog from escaping by climbing, jumping or digging and within a fence of at least six feet in height separated by at least three feet from the confined area. The owner of a potentially dangerous dog shall securely lock the enclosure to prevent the entry of the general public and to preclude any release or escape of a potentially dangerous dog by an unknowing child or other person. All potentially dangerous dogs shall be confined in the enclosure or, if taken out of the enclosure, securely muzzled and restrained with a tether approved by the animal control officer and having a minimum tensile strength sufficiently in excess of that required to restrict the potentially dangerous dog's movements to a radius of no more than three feet from the owner and under the direct supervision of the owner;

b. may require the owner to maintain liability insurance in an amount determined by the municipal court to cover any damage or injury caused by the potentially dangerous dog . The liability insurance, which may be separate from any other homeowner policy, shall contain a provision requiring the municipality in which the owner resides to be named as an additional insured for the sole purpose of being notified by the insurance company of any cancellation, termination or expiration of the liability insurance policy.

L.1989,c.307,s.8; amended 1994,c.187,s.5.
 
10. a. If a dog is declared vicious or potentially 6 dangerous , and all appeals pertaining thereto have been exhausted, the owner of the 6 dog shall be liable to the municipality in which the 6 dog is impounded for the costs and expenses of impounding and destroying the dog . The municipality may establish by ordinance a schedule of these costs and expenses. The owner shall incur the expense of impounding the dog in a facility other than the municipal pound, regardless of whether the dog is ultimately found to be vicious or potentially dangerous .

b. If the dog has bitten or exposed a person within 10 days previous to the time of euthanasia, its head shall be transported to the New Jersey State Department of Health laboratory for rabies testing.

L.1989,c.307,s.10; amended 1994,c.187,s.7.
 
11. If the municipal court finds that the dog is not vicious or potentially dangerous , the municipal court shall retain the right to convene a hearing to determine whether the 7 dog is vicious or potentially 7 dangerous for any subsequent actions of the dog .

L.1989,c.307,s.11; amended 1994,c.187,s.8.
 

4:19-28. Obligations of owner of potentially dog

12. The owner of a potentially dangerous dog shall:



a. comply with the provisions of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-17 et seq.) in accordance with a schedule established by the municipal court, but in no case more than 60 days subsequent to the date of determination;

b. notify the licensing authority, local police department or force, and the animal control officer if a potentially dangerous dog is at large, or has attacked a human being or killed a domestic animal;

c. notify the licensing authority, local police department or force, and the animal control officer within 24 hours of the death, sale or donation of a potentially dangerous dog ;

d. prior to selling or donating the dog , inform the prospective owner that the dog has been declared potentially dangerous ;

e. upon the sale or donation of the dog to a person residing in a different municipality, notify the department and the licensing authority, police department or force, and animal control officer of that municipality of the transfer of ownership and the name, address and telephone of the new owner; and

f. in addition to any license fee required pursuant to section 3 of P.L.1941, c.151 (C.4:19-15.3), pay a potentially dangerous dog license fee to the municipality as provided by section 15 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-31).

L.1989,c.307,s.12; amended 1994,c.187,s.9.
 
13. The owner of a potentially dangerous dog who is found by clear and convincing evidence to have violated this act, or any rule or regulation adopted pursuant thereto, or to have failed to comply with a court's order shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000 per day of the violation, and each day's continuance of the violation shall constitute a separate and distinct violation. The municipal court shall have jurisdiction to enforce this section. An animal control officer is authorized to seize and impound any potentially dangerous 9 dog whose owner fails to comply with the provisions of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-17 et seq.), or any rule or regulation adopted pursuant thereto, or a court's order. The municipal court may order that the 9 dog so seized and impounded be destroyed in an expeditious and humane manner.

L.1989,c.307,s.13; amended 1994,c.187,s.10.
 
14. Each municipality shall:



a. issue a potentially 9 dangerous dog registration number and red identification tag along with a municipal potentially dangerous dog license upon a demonstration of sufficient evidence by the owner to the animal control officer that he has complied with the court's orders. The last three digits of each potentially dangerous dog registration number issued by a municipality will be the three number code assigned to that municipality in the regulations promulgated pursuant to section 17 of P.L.1989, c.307 (C.4:19-33). The animal control officer shall verify, in writing, compliance to the municipal clerk or other official designated to license dogs in the municipality;

b. publicize a telephone number for reporting violations of this act. This telephone number shall be forwarded to the department and any changes in this number shall be reported immediately to the department.

L.1989,c.307,s.14; amended 1994,c.187,s.11.
 

4:19-31. Municipality to establish fee for potentially dangerous dog license


Every municipality may, by ordinance, fix the sum to be paid annually for a potentially 10 dangerous 10 dog license and each renewal thereof, which sum shall not be less than $150 nor more than $700. In the absence of any local ordinance, the fee for all potentially 10 dangerous 1 dog licenses shall be $150.

L.1989, c.307, s.15.
 
The provisions of this act shall supersede any law, ordinance, or regulation concerning vicious or potentially 1 dangerous dogs, any specific breed of 1 dog , or any other type of 1 dog inconsistent with this act enacted by any municipality, county, or county or local board of health.

L.1989, c.307, s.21.
 
4:22-26. A person who shall:



a. Overdrive, overload, drive when overloaded, overwork, torture, torment, deprive of necessary sustenance, or cruelly beat or otherwise abuse or needlessly mutilate or kill a living animal or creature;

b. Cause or procure to be done by his agent, servant, employee or otherwise an act enumerated in subsection a." of this section;

c. Inflict unnecessary cruelty upon a living animal or creature of which he has charge or custody either as owner or otherwise, or unnecessarily fail to provide it with proper food, drink, shelter or protection from the weather;

d. Receive or offer for sale a horse which by reason of disability, disease or lameness, or any other cause, could not be worked without violating the provisions of this article;

e. Keep, use, be connected with or interested in the management of, or receive money or other consideration for the admission of a person to, a place kept or used for the purpose of fighting or baiting a living animal or creature;

f. Be present and witness, pay admission to, encourage, aid or assist in an activity enumerated in subsection e." of this section;

g. Permit or suffer a place owned or controlled by him to be used as provided in subsection e." of this section;

h. Carry, or cause to be carried, a living animal or creature in or upon a vehicle or otherwise, in a cruel or inhuman manner;

i. Use a 1 dog or dogs for the purpose of drawing or helping to draw a vehicle for business purposes;

j. Impound or confine or cause to be impounded or confined in a pound or other place a living animal or creature, and shall fail to supply it during such confinement with a sufficient quantity of good and wholesome food and water;

k. Abandon a maimed, sick, infirm or disabled animal or creature to die in a public place;

l. Willfully sell, or offer to sell, use, expose, or cause or permit to be sold or offered for sale, used or exposed, a horse or other animal having the disease known as glanders or farcy, or other contagious or infectious disease 1 dangerous to the health or life of human beings or animals, or who shall, when any such disease is beyond recovery, refuse, upon demand, to deprive the animal of life;

m. Own, operate, manage or conduct a roadside stand or market for the sale of merchandise along a public street or highway; or a shopping mall, or a part of the premises thereof; and keep a living animal or creature confined, or allowed to roam in an area whether or not the area is enclosed, on these premises as an exhibit; except that this subsection shall not be applicable to: a pet shop licensed pursuant to P.L.1941, c.151 (C.4:19-15.1 et seq.); a person who keeps an animal, in a humane manner, for the purpose of the protection of the premises; or a recognized breeders' association, a 4-H club, an educational agricultural program, an equestrian team, a humane society or other similar charitable or nonprofit organization conducting an exhibition, show or performance;

n. Keep or exhibit a wild animal at a roadside stand or market located along a public street or highway of this State; a gasoline station; or a shopping mall, or a part of the premises thereof;

o. Sell, offer for sale, barter or give away or display live baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl or rabbits, turtles or chameleons which have been dyed or artificially colored or otherwise treated so as to impart to them an artificial color;

p. Use any animal, reptile, or fowl for the purpose of soliciting any alms, collections, contributions, subscriptions, donations, or payment of money except in connection with exhibitions, shows or performances conducted in a bona fide manner by recognized breeders' associations, 4-H clubs or other similar bona fide organizations;

q. Sell or offer for sale, barter, or give away living rabbits, turtles, baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl under two months of age, for use as household or domestic pets;

r. Sell, offer for sale, barter or give away living baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl, or rabbits, turtles or chameleons under two months of age for any purpose not prohibited by subsection q. of this section and who shall fail to provide proper facilities for the care of such animals;

s. Artificially mark sheep or cattle, or cause them to be marked, by cropping or cutting off both ears, cropping or cutting either ear more than one inch from the tip end thereof, or half cropping or cutting both ears or either ear more than one inch from the tip end thereof, or who shall have or keep in his possession sheep or cattle, which he claims to own, marked contrary to this subsection unless they were bought in market or of a stranger;

t. Abandon a domesticated animal;



u. For amusement or gain, cause, allow, or permit the fighting or baiting of a living animal or creature;

v. Own, possess, keep, train, promote, purchase, or knowingly sell a living animal or creature for the purpose of fighting or baiting that animal or creature; or

w. Gamble on the outcome of a fight involving a living animal or creature--



Shall forfeit and pay a sum not to exceed $250.00, except in the case of a violation of subsection t." a mandatory sum of $500, and $1,000 if the violation occurs on or near a roadway, to be sued for and recovered, with costs, in a civil action by any person in the name of the New Jersey Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Amended 1949,c.294; 1951,c.270; 1953,c.5,s.63; 1954,c.175; 1974,c.18; 1977,c.229,s.2; 1983,c.103; 1989,c.35,s.2; 1991,c.108,s.2.